Shenzhen is Located in Southern China at 22 32’ 20” N and 114 06’ 50” E. Shenzhen was established as a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in the 1980’s when China was under the rule of Deng Xiao PING.
The total area of Shenzhen is approx. 1948 square kilometers, with approx. 391 square kilometers being within the SEZ.. Shenzhen is the zone between Hong Kong and Mainland China.
Shenzhen Boasts a population of approx 10 Million registered residents (2006) with a density of 2079 persons per sq. km in greater Shenzhen , and 4855 persons per sq. km in the Special Economic Zone.
Shenzhen District Information
Shenzhen SEZ is consistent of 4 Districts, Luohu, Futian and Nanshan and Yantian and Shenzhen greater is consistent of 2 Districts, Baoan and Longgang.
District of Luohu
Located in the east of the special zone, Luohu is the financial and trading center and network service base of Shenzhen. It ranges from Liantang in the east to Road Hongling in the west bordering on the District of Futian, from Bridge Luohu with Hongkong on the south to the Administrative Border highway of the special zone bordering on the District of Longgang. The area of the district is 78.89 sq. km, with 8 street offices and 131 community committees.
District of Futian
Located in the central part of the special zone, Futian is the locus of the municipal government and council as well as the center of administration, culture, information and business of Shenzhen. It ranges from Road Hongling in the east bordering on the District of Luohu to Overseas Chinese Town in the west bordering on Nanshan, from Shenzhen River and Shenzhen Bay on the south to Bijian Mountain and Lotus Mountain in the north bordering on the District of Baoan. The area of the district is 78.8 sq. km, with street offices and 116 community committees.
District of Nanshan
Located in the western part of the special zone, Nanshan is the base of hi-tech industry and higher education and the center of distribution and touring. It abuts Shenzhen Bay bordering on the District of Futian to the east; borders on Baoan and estuary of River of Pearl; it ranges from Yangtai Mountain bordering on Shiyan of Baoan in the north to Shekou Bay, Major/Minor Chan Isle in the South. The area of the district is 150.79 sq. km, with 7 street offices, Merchants Group Shekou Industrial Park and 111 community committees.
District of Yantian
Located in the eastern part of the special zone and on the south of the Administrative Border. Ranging from Wutong Mountain to Dapeng Bay, it is a famous seaside holiday resort with the second large container deepwater harborYantian Harbor as well. Covering 75.68 sq. km, the district locates its government in the town of Shatoujiao, along with 2 street offices and 21 community committees.
District of Baoan
Located in the western part of the city and on the north of the Administrative Border, Baoan is the base of hi-tech industry, advanced industries, processing trade, ‘three high’ foreign exchange profit making agriculture and ecological touring. It ranges from Reservoir LuoTian in the north, to estuary of River of Pearl in the Southwest; It ranges from Dongbao River in the west bordering Dongguan to the checkpoint of Nantou in the east. Shenzhen airport is located within this district. The area of the district is 733 sq. km, with 8 towns, 2 street offices, 34 community committees and 126 villager committees.
District of Longgang
Located in the eastern part of the city and on the north of the Administrative Border,
Longgangis the base of hi-tech products export processing, logistics distribution and seaside holiday resort and touring. It ranges from Daya Bay in the east, Dapeng Bay in the south, bordering on Baoan in the west and Dongguan and Huizhou on the north. The nuclear power plants of Daya Bay and Lingao are located within its popedom. The area of the district is 940.9 sq. km, with 10 towns, 25 community committees and 91 villager committees.
About the Shenzhentong Travel Card
When Traveling on the metro or bus, the best idea is to purchase an electronic travel card, this card allows you to by pass the hordes of people waiting to buy tickets at the station; also using this card gives you a small discount on every trip traveled. To buy a card you just go to the ticket booth
at the station or 7-11 stores and tell them you want to buy a shenzhentong ka, usually you will pay 100rmb, which will be a combination of a deposit for the card (you will receive this deposit back once you surrender the card) and the amount you can use for tickets.
When you purchase a Metro or Shenzhentong Travel card, ensure you keep the receipt with the ID number of the card on it. In case of theft or misplacement of the card, you can go to the ticket booth at the station and cancel the card, and if you have the receipt on hand you can also receive the balance, minus the deposit, of the card back
Parks and Gardens in Shenzhen: Outdoor Fun at Its Best
The town of Shenzhen does not only hold a stake in the tourism industry as being China’s mainland town nearest to the bustling city of Hong Kong. The town has its own fair share of must-see spots and must-experience activities. On top of every Shenzhen visitor’s itinerary should be to take a peek and enjoy the breathtaking sights of the town’s various parks and gardens.
Who says only exotic Africa can offer a safari experience to its tourists? Shenzhen is surely proud to showcase its very own safari zone cradled by the beautiful Xili Lake. The Shenzhen Safari Park boasts of more than a thousand species of animals that freely roam its premises. And seasonally, it even plays host to migratory birds. There are other activities in this park aside from your usual safari experience. There is an amusement park for children and animal shows that definitely should not be missed.
Established in 1989, and boasting of attractions with names such as “One Wood Forest” and “Tranquil Bamboo Forest”, Litchi Park has in fact become one of the most treasured properties of the Chinese government. Although located in the very much urban setting of the Futian District, it showcases several pavilions that houses dozens and dozens of plant genii and species, not to mention that the gardens are all wonderfully landscaped. Another botanical garden within the prefecture of Shenzhen is the Fairy Lake Botanical Gardens, and quite ironically it houses the so-called spooky forest wherein visitors can take a look at fossilized trees. This garden, though a tourist spot, primarily focuses on scientific research and study.
In the same district of Futian is the Lianhua Mountain Park, where visitors can hike the trail and even spend the night in a small hostel within the premises. Though not as manicured as the first park, visitors can enjoy boating or fishing in the adjacent lake. Another wonderful spot in Shenzhen is the famous Donghu Park, best known for its chrysanthemum exhibitions. Here, visitors can see the chrysanthemums arranged to look like animal sculptures. Visitors may also opt to stay at the Donghu Hotel within the vicinity of the park.
The next time that you are planning a trip to Hong Kong, have your travel agent arrange a day or two for you to visit the various Parks and Gardens in Shenzhen. You will surely see what you have been missing whenever you travel to China. So take a peek into the equally wonderful offerings of Shenzhen.
Historical Sites in Shenzhen
A historical site under State protection, the 10,000-sqm fortress sits in Pengcheng Village overlooking Daya Bay, Longgang District. It was first built in
1394 as a military fortress against sea rovers, and later developed into a town in the Ming and Qing dynasties.
There are three well-preserved fortress gates, sections of ancient walls, alleys paved with stone slates, century-old temples and shrines, as well as a few mansions for some admirals of the Qing Dynasty.
The best example of the mansions is that of former Admiral Lai Enjue, a residence with a history of over 150 years.
Admiral Lai’s Mausoleum
The mausoleum was built in Wangmutang, not far from the ancient fortress. Admiral Lai Enjue was
a famous commander during the Opium Wars in the mid-1800s. His body was first buried at Dakeng
Village in 1894 and was removed to Wangmutang in 1877. There are still some well-preserved stone
sculptures besides his tomb.
Hakka Folk Customs Museum
The museum, also known as Hehu New Buildings, is one of the best-preserved Hakka-style residential buildings. It sits in Luoruihe Village in Longgang District, 28 kilometers
from downtown Shenzhen. The residence, covering an area of 24,816 square meters
and housing 179 rooms, was built in 1817. It is said the construction took the family 22 years to finish.
Nantou Ancient City
Located in Jiujietou Village in Nanshan District, the remains of the ancient city
is a testimony to Shenzhen’s ancient civilization and development history. First built in 1394,
the cultural heritage still boasts a well-preserved gate, 10 meters in width and 4.5 meters in height.
Near the gate there is a museum showing dozens of excavated artifacts. A few other traditional
buildings are also preserved to show the city’s prosperity in ancient times.
Chiwan Tianhou Temple
The temple sits beside Chiwan Village at the foot of the beautiful Xiaonanshan Hill, in Nanshan District.
First built in the Song Dynasty about 800 years ago, it is the largest temple dedicated to the worship
of Tianhou (Heavenly Queen) in Guangdong Province, enjoying a fame in Hong Kong, Macau and
even Southeast Asia.
Chiwan Ancient Fort
This fort lies east of Chiwan Village. Built in the Qing Dynasty, it gives an excellent insight into the
coastal defense facilities at that time.
Chiwan Beacon Tower
The beacon tower sits at the top of the beautiful Xiaonanshan Hill, overlooking Chiwan Village. Built
in the Ming Dynasty, it was one of the most important beacon towers in Guangdong.
Shaodi Emperor’s Mausoleum
The only imperial mausoleum found in Guangdong Province, it was built west of Chiwan Village
centuries ago in memory of Zhao Ribing (know as Shaodi Emperor in the history). Zhao was
the last emperor of the Song Dynasty, who died in 1279 at the age of nine.
The Wenwudi Temple in Pingshan in Longgang District is a well-preserved ancient temple dedicated to the worship of two ancient emperors.
In Dameisha Village, objects dating from the New Stone Age and the Bronze Age have been found at this relics site.